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Sunburn: how to treat the skin and what better to avoid

While relaxing on the beach in the summer or having a picnic with a glass of rose, it’s easy to forget about sunscreen or shade. People tend to remember this the next day when the skin burns or even blisters. We figure out what methods will help to quickly restore the body and what better to avoid.

What definitely won’t get rid of burns and blisters

People often try to get rid of sunburn with folk remedies. Some of them can really help, but more often the victims only spoil their condition, using grandmother’s methods. Let’s take a look at what not to use when treating burned skin.

Apple vinegar

The specialists of the portal Healthline emphasize that the results of the use of weak acids are ambiguous. Some say that a couple of glasses of vinegar in a cool bath helps to overcome discomfort, while others say that it only makes it worse.

Researchers at Medical News Today note that this method has not been fully studied, although some users have reported positive effects. What is known is the fact that vinegar can be harmful if added in large proportions. If you do not want to treat dry skin or worsening burns, choose another remedy.


In 2016, Burns & Trauma published the results of a study according to which 70% of Saudis used folk remedies to treat blisters and redness. Among them was toothpaste. People noted that it cools the damaged area.

This is due to the fact that there is menthol in the paste – it affects comfort. At the same time, manufacturers of toothpaste are inclined to believe that the tool can harm, and not get rid of burns. It contains abrasive and cleansers that dry out the skin and cause blistering.

Fatty ointments

According to dermatologist Anjali Makhto, petroleum jelly and vegetable oils have occlusive properties, which means, they create an invisible film on the skin through which moisture and heat do not seep.

Such products do not moisturize the treated areas, but only create the illusion that they are in good condition. In fact, petroleum jelly and oil can only worsen the burn and cause blistering. The same goes for perfumed or pain relievers like lidocaine or benzocaine. These components often cause local irritation or an allergic reaction.

Blister piercing

If bubbles with liquid appear on the skin, it means that ultraviolet rays have penetrated into the deep layers of the skin. Blisters protect the burn site from possible penetration of infections: the skin under them is fragile and sensitive. They should not be pierced: if they are small, they will go away by themselves.

If the bubbles are damaged, apply a sterile gauze bandage or a clean handkerchief to them. Sometimes doctors still pierce the blisters, but only if they are large and pus appears in them.

What will help get rid of the burn

These products have been dermatologically tested and proven to be effective. They are all inexpensive and can be found in any city.

Aloe or soy-based gels

Ideal if you have aloe vera growing: its mucus has antiviral properties and moisturizes the skin well. With it, you can get rid of burns and small blisters. No plant – no problem: take a gel with aloe, soy, or snail mucin extract. He, notes Dr. Makhto, will lower the body temperature in the area of ​​sunburn, remove disease-causing bacteria, but at the same time will not leave a film on the skin.

Cool water baths

They, according to the experts of the American Academy of Dermatology, reduce local body temperature and reduce the intensity of pain. So that the burns go away faster, soak in water at a comfortable temperature for 5-10 minutes. Do not use bubble baths: fragrances in their composition can provoke irritation.

A small amount of oat milk obtained by soaking cereals will help: it will moisturize the skin. After washing, gently soak the water on your skin with a towel, then treat the burns with aloe-based products.

Drinking plenty of fluids

This technique is often advised when the temperature rises, both general and local. Water can help avoid possible dehydration, restore electrolyte balance, and reduce the severity of burns. Drink water whenever possible to help you recover as soon as possible.

Products based on panthenol or hydrocortisone

The first component can be found in gels, emulsions, or sprays: it cools and heals the skin. The second is usually used in the production of creams.

When choosing hydrocortisone, keep in mind that it is a steroid that is not recommended for the treatment of baby skin. It can reduce pain and swelling caused by sunburn, but it should be used with caution.

Cold compress and ibuprofen preparations

Ice applied to the damaged area will temporarily lower body temperature and relieve pain. An anti-inflammatory agent will relieve the fever that sometimes occurs with burns. It should be noted that these measures will not relieve blisters and redness, but will only slightly reduce the level of discomfort. They should only be used if there are no healing gels at hand.

If the body temperature has risen above 38 degrees, and huge bubbles with liquid appear on the skin, you should immediately call a doctor. These symptoms may indicate a severe burn of the body, which must be disposed of under the supervision of specialists.

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